The Barbican Estate was built between 1965
and 1976, on a site that was bombed in World War II.The complex was designed
by the architects Chamberlin, Powell and Bon. The estate was officially
opened in 1969 and is now home to around 4,000 people living in 2,014
flats. The flats reflect the widespread use in Britain in the 1960s and
1970s of concrete as the visible face of the building.
"The intention underlying our design is to create a coherent residential
precinct in which people can live both conveniently and with pleasure.
Despite its high density the layout is spacious: the buildings and the
space between them are composed in such a way as to create a clear sense
of order without monotony. Uninterrupted by road traffic (which is kept
separate from pedestrian circulation through and about the neighbourhood)
a quiet precinct will be created in which people will be able to move
about freely enjoying constantly changing perspectives or terraces, lawns,
trees and flowers seen against the background or the new buildings or
reflected in the ornamental lake."
Chamberlin, Powell & Bon, Architects "Barbican Redevelopment" April